It is said that Nigeria is the World Highest producer of HIV Infected babies, it has however been reported that a new project to prevent the virus from being passed from HIV-positive mothers to their babies. This was made known by the Minister of Health Dr. Adewole Isaac while quoting UNaids report He said “there is absolutely no reason why Nigeria should be a major producer of HIV infected babies. We contribute about 30% and our goal is elimination. We believe it’s doable.” Adewole told Africa Check he was referring to UNAids data which showed that in 2016, Nigeria had the highest share (26.9%) of new mother-to-child HIV infections among the organization’s 23 priority countries. He said, “This was based on available data at the time using the existing figures for national HIV prevalence, total population, fertility rates and the actual coverage of antenatal care and HIV services.” Gatien Ekanmian, a strategic information advisor at UNAids, told Africa Check the organization uses such data to feed into statistical modeling software. For 2016, UNAids estimated that 37,000 children younger than 15 were newly infected with the virus in Nigeria. Mozambique followed with 9.6% of new infections (13,000 children) and South Africa with 8.6%, or 12,000 children. But the estimated number of newly infected children in Nigeria could be as low as 22,000 or as high as 56,000. This is because researchers need to make more assumptions when it comes to estimating the number of infections in children. This increases uncertainty. The document read, “For example, the ranges around the estimates of adult HIV prevalence are smaller than those around the estimates of HIV incidence among children, which require additional data on prevalence among pregnant women and the probability of mother-to-child HIV transmission, each of which have their own additional uncertainty. Though the data is for children younger than 15 and not just babies, Ekanmian said UNAids believed other modes of infection cause a small fraction of the overall number of children acquiring HIV.